FSSAI releases draft regulations on GM food

Labeling norms for products with GM ingredients

The proposed draft regulation will be applicable to GMOs for food (Unsplash)

The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has released for public consultations a new draft of regulations for genetically modified (GM) food, proposing front-of-the-pack labeling for packaged food products that contain one percent or more of GM ingredients.

The regulator also proposes mandatory prior approval to manufacture, sell and import food or ingredients produced from genetically-modified organisms (GMOs).

The proposed draft by FSSAI regulation will be applicable to GMOs for food use, food ingredients produced from GMOs that contain modified DNA, and GMO-derived ingredients, additives, or processing aids, the regulator said in a statement.

“No person shall manufacture, pack, store, sell, market or otherwise distribute or import any food or food ingredient produced from GMOs, except with the prior approval of the food authority,” emphasized the FSSAI draft on standards regulations 2022.

Banned in infant food

“The proposed regulations will apply to GMOs or genetically engineered organisms (GEOs) or living modified organisms (LMOs) intended for direct use as food or for processing,” mentioned FSSAI regulations.

The regulations’ ambit will include food products that may have been made using food ingredients or processing aid derived from GMOs, even if GM content is not present in the end product. The food safety authority has also said that GOMs or GEMs “shall not be used as an ingredient” in infant food products.

Labeling norms

The draft proposes labeling norms for food products that contain one percent or more than one percent of GMO content. “All food products having individual genetically engineered (GE) ingredient one percent or more shall be labeled —Contains GMO/Ingredients derived from GMO,” the FSSAI draft stated.

Industry observers said the regulations once finalized would bring about clarity of regulatory status, especially when it comes to imported food products. In a bid to ensure only non-GM crops are imported into the country, the food safety regulatory had last year said that imports of 24 crops would need to be accompanied by a “Non-GM, GM-Free” certificate from 1 January 2023.

However, after receiving some representations from stakeholders it was postponed and these norms came into effect on 1 March 2023. The norms were laid down since FSSAI was in the process of finalizing the regulations.


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