Impact of wheat exports ban by India

India's ban on wheat export suddenly led to trapped wheat at the Indian ports of about 1.8 million tons

Wheat export ban has raised lots of problems
Millions of tons of wheat lays in ports (Image: Jonathan Petersson, Pexels)

Currently, approximately 2.2 million tons of wheat are there at Indian ports or are in transit. However, according to a wheat dealer in Mumbai, the traders are backed by LCs for only about 400,000 tons.

The exports do not have any clue about what needs to be done with the remaining 1.8 million tons. Nobody expected that the government is going to ban exports overnight. One Mumbai-based trader told Business Standard that India’s ban on exports might force them to claim force majeure on the shipments to the overseas consumers.

Force majeure is the only way left

Wheat has already been purchased from traders and moved to the ports. The intention was to fulfill the commitments related to exports, but the government policy cannot be overruled. So, the only option left for the traders is to go for force majeure.
The Hindu mentions that purchasers from across the globe were banking on the supplies from the second-biggest wheat producer in the world, India, after the Black Sea region exports got plunged post the Russian invasion of Ukraine on 24 February.

The difficulties triggered by the ban

Importers like UAE, Indonesia, and Bangladesh may find it hard to look for alternative suppliers at the current heightening global prices.

As per the Business Standard, the sudden ban also might make things difficult for the exporters to sell their stocks lying profitably at the ports. Those cargos may need to be re-sold into a poor domestic market that is already under pressure after the emergence of the wheat-ban news. Besides, the traders also said that they would need to bear the transport and reloading costs.

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About 1.4 million tons of wheat are stuck at present in the ports on the west coast like Kandla and Mundra or in transit. And about 8,00,000 tons are lying at Tuticorin, Kakinada, and Visakhapatnam in the east coast regions. At some ports, vessel loading has also stopped. Without any kind of clarity, thousands of trucks are eagerly waiting for the unloading to happen.

The ban also affected the global trading houses because, in a few transactions, the wheat was sold by the Indian subsidiaries to the regional headquarters in Singapore without securing the needful LCs.

The export demand and faith in government

The powerful export demand and assumption that the Indian government would support at least 8 m to 10 million tons shipments encouraged several exporters to move the cargo to ports after purchasing from the farmers.

All the trading houses wished to ship the maximum before June’s end because the movement of the crop becomes tough after the monsoon rainfall arrives. It was stated that the state government and the commerce ministry are with the exporters and helped them. The exports bough profits to the plates, and thus it was not expected that the government of India would do anything like that.

With a long history of the government displaying unplanned moves, the consequences of this sudden ban might also show its ugly face soon.


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